Affiliation entity
Interactions et Evolution Végétale et Fongique (INEVEF)

Contact

E-mail
marc-andre.selosse [at] mnhn.fr
Phone
01 40 79 32 05
Address(es)

57 rue Cuvier

CP39

75005 Paris

Responsibilities outside unit

  • Senior Professor at Institut Universitaire de France https://www.iufrance.fr/
  • Invited professor at universities of Gdansk (Poland) et Kunming (China)
  • Member of the French Academy of Agriculture
  • President of BioGée http://www.biogee.org/

Presentation

Pages personnelles, bibliographie et productions scientifiques

Research activities

My main research activities focus on soil microbiota and mycorrhizal symbioses, which link most plant roots to soil fungi. I use methods from molecular biology (NGS, transcriptomic) to investigate microbial populations and mycorrhizal communities, which are largely comprised of non-cultivable species. Moreover, isotopic methods (natural abundance of stable isotopes, 13C and 15N) provide efficient tools for investigating plant and fungal exchanges in situ.

I try to keep a strong naturalist eye and expertise in mycology and botany. Using mycorrhizal associations as model systems, my co-workers and I address questions about the ecology and evolution of symbiosis.

 

Four main research themes can be distinguished :

  • Population genetics of ectomycorrhizal fungi (1994 – present), from local (forest stand) to global (trans-continental) scale, especially in the genus Laccaria, and more recently on Amanita and Tuber  species.
  • Ectomycorrhizal communities in Mediterranean forests (1998 – present), with a focus on their response to human and climatic disturbances, not only in terms of taxonomy, but also at functional level (secreted enzymatic activities).
  • Mycoheterotrophy (2000 - present), i.e. biology and physiology of plants that use their mycorrhizal fungi as a carbon source, either exclusively (full mycoheterotrophy), or in addition to photosynthesis (green ‘mixotrophic’ plants). Identity of associated fungi and plant ecophysiology are under focus in temperate and tropical regions.
  • Orchid mycorrhizae (2000 - present), fungal partners (diversity, coevolution), anatomy of the interaction (TEM), and plant metabolism (Cf. previous item ), in temperate and tropical regions.
  • Networks of biological interactions (2000 - present), locally (mycorrhizal networks) or at evolutionary levels.

I

I am more generally interested in symbiosis and its evolution in general, with a particular penchant for some models, such as the hyper-diverse Sebacinales, the orchid tribe Neottieae and its fascinating albino individuals and truffles (Tuber melanosporum).

This is a team story: as you will see from authors’ names in my publication list, this research would not have been possible without numerous collaborators!

I m an editor of the New Phytologist and an associate editor of Symbiosis, Botany Letters and Ecology Letters as well as Espèces I’m corresponding member of the Académie d’Agriculture de France and of the Institut Universitaire de France.

I am president of Fédération BioGée. I also work in the boards of the French botanical Society France-Orchidée, the French,  Agroforestery Association   and Tela botanica.

I teach actively at Muséum and in various universities and ‘grandes écoles’ (AgroParisTech, Ecole Normale supérieure at Paris (rue d’Ulm), Saclay and Lyon, Science-Po Lille, Ecole des Hautes Études en Santé Publique ) and at University of  Gdansk (Poland). My topics cover plants, algae and fungi (from biology to ecology), biology of interaction, as well as evolution and general ecology, and I teach as often as possible in the field.

I devote attention to future biology teachers, and invest in outreach by way of talks, field trips, papers, and books: eg. edited by Vuibert on symbiosis (2000), and by Actes Sud on microbiota in plants, animals and civilization (2017, translated into Polish, Dutch, Estonian, and Chinese), on tannins (2019, translated into Italian), on soil (2021) and on various biological topics for a large audience (Petites histoires naturelles, 2021).

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  • Pour que nature vive (vidéo 2020)

LES MICROBES SONT AUSSI NOS MEILLEURS ALLIES

Pour que nature vive - "Les microbes sont aussi nos meilleurs alliés"

Credits
©MNHN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Publications

2024
  • Shao Shi-Cheng, Jacquemyn Hans & Selosse Marc-Andre, 2024Improved use of mycorrhizal fungi for upscaling of orchid cultivation and population restoration of endangered orchids in China. Symbiosis (Philadelphia, Pa.) , ,
    ISSN
    0334-5114, 1878-7665
  • Yagame Takahiro, Figura Tomáš, Tanaka Eiji, Selosse Marc-André & Yukawa Tomohisa, 2024Mycobiont identity and light conditions affect belowground morphology and physiology of a mixotrophic orchid Cremastra variabilis (Orchidaceae). Mycorrhiza , ,
    ISSN
    0940-6360, 1432-1890
  • Vincent Bryan, Bourillon Julie, Gotty Karine, Boukcim Hassan, Selosse Marc-André, Cambou Aurélie, Damasio Coraline, Voisin Mathis, Boivin Stéphane, Figura Tomas, Nespoulous Jérôme, Galiana Antoine, Maurice Kenji & Ducousso Marc, 2024Correction to: Ecological aspects and relationships of the emblematic Vachellia spp. exposed to anthropic pressures and parasitism in natural hyper-arid ecosystems: ethnobotanical elements, morphology, and biological nitrogen fixation. Planta vol. 259, n° 6, p. 154
    ISSN
    0032-0935, 1432-2048
  • Maurice Kenji, Bourceret Amélia, Robin-Soriano Alexandre, Vincent Bryan, Boukcim Hassan, Selosse Marc-André & Ducousso Marc, 2024Simulated precipitation in a desert ecosystem reveals specific response of rhizosphere to water and a symbiont response in freshly emitted roots. Applied Soil Ecology vol. 199, , p. 105412
    ISSN
    09291393
  • Vincent Bryan, Bourillon Julie, Gotty Karine, Boukcim Hassan, Selosse Marc-André, Cambou Aurélie, Damasio Coraline, Voisin Mathis, Boivin Stéphane, Figura Tomas, Nespoulous Jérôme, Galiana Antoine, Maurice Kenji & Ducousso Marc, 2024Ecological aspects and relationships of the emblematic Vachellia spp. exposed to anthropic pressures and parasitism in natural hyper-arid ecosystems: ethnobotanical elements, morphology, and biological nitrogen fixation. Abstract Main conclusion Emblematic Vachellia spp. naturally exposed to hyper-arid conditions, intensive grazing, and… Planta vol. 259, n° 6, p. 132
    ISSN
    0032-0935, 1432-2048
  • Mujica María Isabel, Herrera Héctor, Cisternas Mauricio, Zuniga-Feest Alejandra, Sagredo-Saez Cristiane & Selosse Marc-André, 2024Mycorrhizas in South American Ericaceae. Mycorrhiza vol. 34, 1-2, p. 1-18
    ISSN
    0940-6360, 1432-1890
  • Petrolli Rémi, Selosse Marc-André, Bonillo Céline, Griveau Chantal, Lalanne-Tisné Guillaume, Comes Bertrand, Kodja Hippolyte & Martos Florent, 2024Mycorrhizal communities of <span style="font-variant:small-caps;"> Vanilla planifolia </span> in an introduction area (La Réunion) under varying cultivation practices. Societal Impact Statement Vanilla is one of the most valuable spices in the world. In Madagascar and La Réunion, the world’s… Plants, People, Planet , , ppp3.10476
    ISSN
    2572-2611, 2572-2611