Entité de rattachement
Evolution fonctionnelle et Taxonomie (EvoFoncT)
Recherches
Habilité(e) à diriger des recherches

Contact

Réseaux sociaux
Courriel
pg [at] mnhn.fr
Téléphone
01 40 79 38 48
01 71 21 46 60
Fax
01 40 79 56 79
Adresse(s)

45 rue Buffon

CP50

75005 Paris

Responsabilités dans l'unité

Directeur de recherche  UMR 7205 ISYEB CNRS, MNHN,  EPHE, Sorbonne Université, Université des Antilles

Institut de Systématique, Evolution, Biodiversité, équipe EvofoncT

Responsabilités hors unité

 

  • Directeur Adjoint Scientifique de l'Institut Ecologie et Environnement du CNRS - INEE
  • Senior Research Scientist, Team "Evofonct" in ISYEB
  • Membre, Conseil scientifique, Fondation pour la Recherche sur la Biodiversité, FRB
  • Membre, conseil scientifique CEEBIOS
  • Associate Editor,  Bionomina, PeerJ
  • Vice-Chair, Scientific Council, GBIF
  • Président, Conseil Scientifique, Sud Expert Plante Développement durable SEP2D

Présentation

Research

My research focuses on the phylogenetic analysis of evolution and is aimed at reconciling the approaches developed for building trees on the one side and those developed for using trees on the other side. The rationale of such a reconciliation is to conduct conservative tests of evolutionary hypotheses ("scenarios") and to provide the best biodiversity sampling possible according to taxonomic knowledge. In this framework, I contributed to the concept of phylogenetic tests of evolutionary scenarios (e.g., Grandcolas, 1997 ; Grandcolas et al., 2001, 2004, 2011 ; Grandcolas & D’Haese, 2003) and I studied the evolution of behavior in Dictyopteran Insects (e.g., Grandcolas, 1998 ; Grandcolas & Deleporte, 1996 ; Legendre et al., 2008, 2013 ; Pellens et al., 2002, 2007).

These phylogenetic and comparative approaches were rooted in systematic studies and field sampling of cockroaches, with varied contributions to their taxonomy, behavior and classification (e.g., Grandcolas, 1994, 1996, 1997). During the last years, developing such approaches has been made in collaboration with the colleagues from my former team "Phylevo" and the present team "Evofonct" headed by Frédéric Legendre. In doing so, we consider the fundamental need for making available the biodiversity data through the taxonomic system, the collections and associated data bases, concerning fossil and present species, and morphological molecular or behavioral data.

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More recently, I contributed to the phylogenetic analysis of the origin of island biota with the study of the special case of New Caledonia. "Island" is a polysemic term used for both small continents or ephemeral "oceanic" terrestrial landscapes and the theories of island biogeography are still in need of important clarification. New Caledonia is particularly interesting in this respect, since it was considered continental on a misunderstood geological basis but should actually be regarded as an old oceanic island. It offers then a great opportunity to understand how to analyse and date the origin of the biota without being trapped in diverse ad hoc assumptions of dispersal or vicariance (e.g., Murienne et al., 2005 ; Grandcolas et al., 2008 ; Nattier et al., 2011).

Nouvelle Calédonie © MNHN

 

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Podcast  MNHN

 Pandémie et biodiversité Philippe Grandcolas

Episode 2 - "Pandémie et Biodiversité (2021)"

Crédits
© S. Pagani MNHN

 

Mieux connaître la nature pour mieux la préserver philippe Grandcolas

Pour que nature vive (2020)

 

Covid-19 ou la pandémie d'une biodiversité maltraitée

COVID-19 (2020)

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Conférences filmées

 

Journal The Conversation

 

Autres médias (Interviews)

 

Commission d’enquête  du Covid-19 lancée par les parlementaires de La France insoumise

 

Société Française d’Ecologie (SFE) : Regards et débats sur la biodiversité

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CV

Curriculum Vitae Philippe Grandcolas Format (Pdf) - 226.02 Ko

Publications

2024
  • Grandcolas Philippe, mars 2024« Effondrement de la biodiversité - une limite planétaire dépassée » in Colloque - 35èmes Journées Scientifiques de l’Environnement - Limites planétaires dépassées : et maintenant ?.. , , tex.hal_id: hal-04564831 tex.hal_local_reference: JSE2024 tex.hal_version: v1
  • Grandcolas P, Constantino R. & Pellens R., 2024« Capítulo 23: Blattaria Burmeister, 1829 » in Insetos do Brasil: Diversidade e Taxonomia. 2ª ed... , ,
    ISBN
    978-65-5633-046-4
2023
  • Malem Julien, Robillard Tony, Cluzel Dominique, Bellier Loïc, Nattier Romain, Grandcolas Philippe & Legendre Frédéric, juin 2023Origins of old lineages in New Caledonia: A geologically informed test of the islandhopping hypothesis. Journal of Biogeography , , jbi.14673 tex.earlyaccessdate: JUN 2023 tex.eissn: 1365-2699 tex.unique-id: WOS:001019467500001
    ISSN
    0305-0270, 1365-2699
  • Grandcolas Philippe & Marc Claire, mai 2023Tout comprendre (ou presque) sur la biodiversité. , , dir. CNRS Editions Pages: 140 tex.hal_id: hal-04176517 tex.hal_version: v1
    ISBN
    978-2-271-14681-6
  • Schubnel Thomas, Mazurier Arnaud, Nel André, Grandcolas Philippe, Desutter-Grandcolas Laure, Legendre Frédéric & Garrouste Romain, 2023Flat does not mean 2D: Using Xray microtomography to study insect wings in 3D as a model for comparative studies. Abstract While not generally used for relatively flat structures, X-ray microtomography can provide decisive insights for… Methods in Ecology and Evolution vol. n/a, n/a, 2041–210X.14132 Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
    ISSN
    2041-210X, 2041-210X
  • Lecointre G., Aish A., Ameziane N, Chekchak T., Goupil C., Grandcolas P., Vincent J.F.V. & Sun J.S., 2023Revisiting Nature’s “Unifying Patterns”: A Biological Appraisal.. Biomimetics vol. 8, n° 362, p. 1-26
  • Lecointre G., Aish A., Ameziane N, Chekchak T., Goupil C., Grandcolas P., Vincent J.F.V. & Sun J.S., 2023Revisiting Nature’s “Unifying Patterns”: A Biological Appraisal.. Biomimetics vol. 8, n° 362, p. 1-26
2022
  • Jouault Corentin, Engel Michael S, Legendre Frédéric, Huang Diying, Grandcolas Philippe & Nel André, octobre 2022Incrementing and clarifying the diversity and early evolution of termites (Blattodea: Isoptera). Abstract The past diversity of Isoptera is relatively poorly documented. Many early-diverging families are only represented… Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society vol. 196, n° 2, p. 608-629
    ISSN
    0024-4082, 1096-3642