- Ecoutez Daniel Garcia, CNIEH Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana) à Burgos en Espagne,
Even though the study of long bones provides key information about lifestyle changes, other less-studied anatomical regions such as the ribcage can provide complementary and crucial information. Changes in physical activity and mobility due to the increase in sedentary lifestyle should be reflected in the oxygen needs and respiratory dynamics, thus impacting ribs’ mechanical stress and robustness. ROBUSTA project will study the temporal trends in the ribs’ robusticity, providing new insights into oxygen demands and behavioral transition of past populations, from the Early Pleistocene to nowadays, studying the costal skeleton of Homo erectus, H. antecessor, H. neanderthalensis, and H. sapiens, both fossil and contemporary. This project will also add crucial information about respiratory mechanical stress from current populations in topics such as development, sexual dimorphism, and aging. This is a novel route of investigation with great potential to provide new lines of evidence relating to the factors that impacted our evolution, subsistence strategies, and health.
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