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ELIAS Marianne

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Since December 2009 : CNRS researcher at the National Museum of Natural History, Paris, France

- 2016 : HDR
- 2013 : CNRS CR1
- Dec. 2009 : CNRS researcher at MNHN (CR2)
- 2009. Postdoc, Imperial College London, UK
- 2005 – 2008. Postdoc, Universities of Edinburgh and Cambridge, UK
- 2001 – 2004. Postdoc, Universities of Helsinki and Oulu, Finland
- 1996 – 2000. PhD in Evolutionary Biology, University of Montpellier II, France.

 Main research interests

Understanding why so many species exist represents a major challenge for modern evolutionary biology, and is a prerequisite to define sensible conservation strategies. Our research on biodiversity focuses on 1) factors involved in speciation (how species originate) using a range of approaches that span different spatial, temporal and taxonomical scales, and 2) dynamic processes that permit multiple species to coexist, particularly in biodiversity “hotspots”.
My team mostly uses ithomiine butterflies as a model group (Nymphalidae : Ithomiini, 380 species). Ithomiines form a diverse neotropical tribe, that inhabit wet forest and span a wide range of elevation. All ithomiine species engage in Müllerian mimicry : co-occurring distasteful species converge in warning colour patterns, thereby decreasing the per-capita cost of predation (mutualistic mimicry). Mimetic butterfly locally form ‘mimicry rings’ (Figure 1), which comprise several species sharing a common warning pattern

Figure 1. Four mimicry rings formed by ithomiine species in Añangu, Ecuador.


Patterns of diversification in mimetic tropical butterflies using species-level phylogenies
- Team members involved : Nicolas Chazot (former PhD), Lisa de Silva (former postdoc)
- Main collaborators : Keith Willmott (University of Gainesville, USA), André Freitas (University of Campinas, Brazil), Gerardo Lamas (Museo de Historia Natural, Lima, Peru), Carlos Eduardo Giraldo (Universidad de Medellin, Colombia)

We generate dated species-level molecular phylogenies of ithomiine genera or subtribes (and ultimately of the whole tribe) to investigate temporal and geographic patterns of diversification and trait evolution (e.g., wing colour pattern, biotic and abiotic niches) (Figure 2). Specifically we look for :

  • Phylogenetic signatures of the role of major geological events (e.g. Andes uplift, Pebas system, closure of Panama isthmus)
  • Phylogenetic signatures of adaptive radiations, expansion or decline
  • Evidence for changes of diversification rates driven by a change of character state
  • Evidence for association between changes in character state and speciation events
  • Evidence for selection

Figure 2 : Comprehensive molecular phylogeny of the genus Napeogenes, showing maximum likelihood reconstruction of elevation ranges (white = high elevation, grey = mid-elevation, black = low elevation). Shifts in elevation ranges are significantly associated with speciation (Elias et al. 2009, Molecular Ecology).

Community ecology
- Team members involved : Nicolas Chazot (former PhD), Thomas Aubier (PhD CEFE, Montpellier), Yann Le Poul (former PhD)
- Main collaborators : Keith Willmott (University of Gainesville, USA), Chris Jiggns (University of Cambridge, UK), Zach Gompert (University of Utah, USA)

Forces that govern species assemblages in communities are complex, and can be classified into 3 categories : ’neutral’ forces (dispersal, drift), habitat filtering (linked to local adaptation) and interactions among species. We use community species composition, trait and abundance data and phylogenies of local species to investigate at various spatial scales (local community or entire region) the respective roles of habitat filtering and ecological niche (micro and macrohabitat) and of interspecific interactions (e.g., competition, mutualisic mimicry, Figure 3). In addition, we explore the phylogenetic structure of trophic networks, such as insects and their hostplants.

Figure 3. Mimicry drives microhabitat niche convergence among ithomiine butterflies. Pairs of species sharing the same warning pattern (left) are ecologically more similar than pairs of species harbouring different patterns (right), regardless of phylogenetic distances, and more similar than expected given the phylogeny (Elias et al. 2008, PLoS Biology)

The ecology and the genomics of speciation
- Team members involved : Melanie McClure (postdoc), Florence Prunier (AI), Céline Houssin (Tech.), Yann Le Poul (former PhD), Jérémy Gauthier (postdoc INRIA, Rennes)
- Main collaborators : Claire Lemaitre and Fabrice Legeai (GenScale, Rennes), Emmanuelle Jacquin-Joly (iEES, Paris), Annabel Whibley (JIC, Norwich, UK), Kanchon Dasmahapatra (University of York, UK), Mathieu Joron (CEFE, Montpellier).

We focus on eight ithomiine species to measure divergence and experimentally test the role of various factors, such as colour patterns, hostplant, microhabitat and pheromones in reproductive isolation among parapatric subspecies (Figure 4). In parallel, we explore population genetic structure and the extent of genetic differentiation among these taxa using markers generated by high throughput sequencing.

Figure 4. Mating between Andean and Amazonian subspecies of Ithomia salapia, which have divergent colour patterns. (Photo credits : Monical Monllor)

Evolution of transparency in Lepidoptera
- Team members involved : Charline Pinna (Master’s), Monica Arias (postdoc CEFE, Montpellier)
- Main collaborators : Doris Gomez (CEFE, Montpellier), Serge Berthier (INSP, Paris) and Christine Andraud (CRC, Paris), Nipam Patel (university of Berkely, USA), Johanna Mappes (University of Jyvaskyla, Finland)

Lepidoptera have evolved large wings covered with scales, which are involved in hydrophobicity, thermoregulation, flight aerodynamics and most importantly colour patterns. Yet, a number of lepidopteran lineages harbour partially or totally transparent wings... and many of those are chemically-defended, mimetic butterflies (Figure 5). At the interface between physics, evolutionary biology and developmental biology, we image wing structures (scales and membrane nanostructures) and measure optical properties of wings of transparent butterflies to understand their development, evolution, in light of their ecology. We also carry out experiments to investigate the impact of prey transparency on predators.

Figure 5. Hypomenitis enigma, a clearwing mimetic butterfly that inhabits Andean cloud forests. (Photo credit Marianne Elias).

Other projects
I collaborate with Doris Gomez (CEFE, Montpellier) to study the evolution of iridescent colour patterns in humming birds, using optical measures and comparative analyses (PhD of Hugon Gruson). I collaborate with Violaine Llaurens (ISYEB, Paris) and Bastien Nay (LSO, Palaiseau) to study the evolution of toxicity in Heliconius and Ithomiini butterflies, using chemical analyses and comparative analyses (PhD of Ombeline Sculfort). I am also part of the ANR project SPHINX led by Rodolphe Rougerie, which aims at unravelling spatial and temporal patterns of diversification of the moths Saturniidae and Sphingidae (PhD of Pierre Arnal).

 Main current fundings

  • As PI
    - 2017 - 2019 : HFSP research grant (Development, functions, and evolution of transparency in butterflies : an interdisciplinary approach)
    - 2015 - 2018 : ANR SPECREP (Repeatability of the speciation process in butterflies : natural replicates in a suture zone system)
  • As partner
    - 2017 - 2020 : ANR CLEARWING (Transparency : physical origin, adaptive functions and evolution in clearwing butterflies)
    - 2017 - 2020 : ANR SPHINX (Understanding and predicting species adaptation to environmental changes in Insectes)


accepted and published journal papers

  • Beresford, J., Elias, M., Pluckrose, L., Sundström, L., Butlin, R. K., Pamilo, P., & Kulmuni, J. (2017). Widespread hybridization within mound-building wood ants in Southern Finland results in cytonuclear mismatches and potential for sex-specific hybrid breakdown. Molecular Ecology, 26(15), 4013 4026.
  • Chazot N*, De-Silva DL*, Willmott KR, Freitas AVL, Lamas G, Mallet J, Giraldo CE, Uribe S & M Elias. (Sous Presse). Contrasting patterns of Andean diversification between two diverse clades of Neotropical clearwing butterflies. Ecology and Evolution. *contributions égales
  • McClure, M., & Elias, M. (2017). Ecology, life history, and genetic differentiation in Neotropical Melinaea (Nymphalidae : Ithomiini) butterflies from north-eastern Peru. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 179(1), 110 124.
  • Ponge J-F, Zuccon D, Elias M, Pavoine S, Henry P-H, Théry M & E Guilbert. Ancestrality and evolution of trait syndromes in finches (Fringillidae. Ecology and Evolution (sous presse)
  • Willmott, K. R., Robinson Willmott, J. C., Elias, M., & Jiggins, C. D. (2017). Maintaining mimicry diversity : optimal warning colour patterns differ among microhabitats in Amazonian clearwing butterflies. Proceedings of the Royal Society B : Biological Sciences, 284(1855), 20170744.
PDF - 2.3 Mo
  • de-Silva DL, Mota LL, Chazot N, Mallarino R, Silva-Brandão KL, Gómez Piñerez LM, Freitas AVL, Lamas G, Joron M, Mallet J, Giraldo CE, Uribe S, Särkinen T, Knapp S, Jiggins CD, Willmott KR & M Elias. 2017. Origin and diversification of the largest ithomiine butterfly genus in the Northern Andes. Scientific Reports, 7:45966
PDF - 1.2 Mo
  • Aubier T, Elias M, Llaurens V & N Chazot. 2017. Mutualistic interactions enhance species diversification through spatial segregation and extension of the ecological niche space. Evolution, 71 : 826–844.
PDF - 1.2 Mo
  • Arias M, Meichanetzoglou A, Elias M, Rosser N, de-Silva DL, Nay B, & V Llaurens. 2016. Variation in cyanogenic compounds concentration within a Heliconius butterfly community : does mimicry explain everything ? BMC Evolutionary Biology, 16:272, DOI : 10.1186/s12862-016-0843-5
PDF - 1.1 Mo
  • Chazot N ; Willmott K ; Condamine F ; de-Silva DL ; Freitas A ; Lamas G ; Morlon H ; Giraldo C ; Jiggins C ; Joron M ; Mallet J ; Uribe S & M Elias. 2016. Into the Andes : multiple independent colonizations drive montane diversity in the Neotropical clearwing butterflies Godyridina. Molecular Ecology. 25(22):5765–5784, DOI : 10.1111/mec.13773. (issue cover)
PDF - 2.8 Mo
  • McClure M & M Elias. 2016. Ecology, life history, and genetic differentiation in the Neotropical Melinaea (Nymphalidae : ithomiini) butterflies from north-eastern Peru. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (early view online, DOI : 10.1111/zoj.12433)
PDF - 1002.7 ko
  • McClure M & M Elias. 2016. Unravelling the role of host plant expansion in the diversification of a Neotropical butterfly genus. BMC Evolutionary Biology 16:128
PDF - 587.5 ko
  • Chazot N, Panara S, Zilbermann N, Blandin P, Le Poul Y, Cornette R, Elias M* & V Debat*. 2016. Morpho morphometrics : shared ancestry and selection drive the evolution of wing size and shape in Morpho butterflies. Evolution. 70:181-194 *equal contributions
PDF - 1.7 Mo
  • De Silva DL, Elias M, Willmott K, Mallet J & JJ Day. 2016. Diversification of clearwing butterflies with the rise of the Andes. Journal of Biogeography, 43, 44-58.
PDF - 1.5 Mo
  • Thomas M, Verzelen N, Barbillon P, Coomes OT, Caillon S, McKey D, Elias M, Garine E, Raimond C, Dounias E, Jarvis D, Wencélius J, Leclerc C, Labeyrie V, Cuong PH, Ngoc Hue NT, Sthapit B, Bahadur Rana R, Barnaud A, Violon C, Arias Reyes LM, Latournerie Moreno, De Santis P & F Massol. (2015). A network-based method to detect patterns of local crop biodiversity : validation at the species and infra-species levels. Advances in Ecological Research, 53, 259-320
PDF - 1.1 Mo
  • Elias M & Joron M. 2015. Mimicry in Heliconius and Ithomiini butterflies : the profound consequences of an adaptation. Bio Web of Conferences 4, 00008
PDF - 1.8 Mo
  • M. Elias & F. Condamine. 2014. Découverte et analyse de la biodiversité : les moyens actuels. Mémoires de la SEF, 9, 23-39
PDF - 517.9 ko
  • McClure M, Chouteau M, Angers B & M Elias. 2014. The development and characterization of polymorphic microsatellite loci for the genus Melinaea (Nymphalidae, Ithomiini). Conservation Genetics Resources 6, 891-893
PDF - 636.6 ko
  • Chazot N, Willmott K, Santacruz Endera PG, Toporov A, Hill RI, Jiggins CD & M Elias. 2014. Filtering by elevation and mutualistic mimicry shape the structure of Andean butterfly communities. American Naturalist 183, 26-39.
PDF - 314.2 ko
  • Elias M*, Fontaine C* & FJF van Veen. 2013. Phylogenetic constraints and ecological processes shape the architecture of a local multilevel antagonistic network. Current Biology 23, 1355-1359. DOI : 10.1016/j.cub.2013.05.066 *Equal contributions
PDF - 3 Mo
  • D. B. McKey, M. Elias, B. Pujol, A. Duputié, M. Deletre, D. Renard. (2012) Maintien du potentiel adaptatif chez les plantes domestiquées à propagation clonale. Leçons de gestion par les cultivateurs de manioc amérindiens. Revue d’Ethnoécologie 1. DOI : 10.4000/ethnoecologie.741
PDF - 5.2 Mo
  • Nattier R, Grandcolas P, Elias M, Desutter−Grandcolas L, Jourdan H, Couloux A & T Robillard. 2012. Secondary sympatry caused by range expansion informs on the dynamics of microendemism in a biodiversity hotspot. PLoS ONE 7(11) : e48047. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0048047
PDF - 499.5 ko
  • M. Elias, R. Faria, Z. Gompert and A. Hendry. 2012. Factors Influencing Progress toward Ecological Speciation. International Journal of Ecology, vol. 2012, Article ID 235010.
PDF - 4 Mo
  • R. I. Hill, M. Elias, K. K. Dasmahapatra, C. D. Jiggins, V. Koong, K. R. Willmott, and J. Mallet. 2012. Ecologically relevant cryptic species in the highly polymorphic Amazonian butterfly Mechanitis mazaeus sensu lato (Lepidoptera : Nymphalidae ; Ithomiini). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, vol. 106, 540–560.
PDF - 552.3 ko
  • K.R. Willmott, M. Elias, and A. Sourakov. 2011. Two possible caterpillar mimicry complexes in neotropical danaine butterflies (Nymphalidae, Danainae : Danaini, Ithomiini). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, vol. 104, iss. 6, 1108-1118.
PDF - 385.8 ko
  • Z. Gompert, K. Willmott, and M. Elias. 2011. Heterogeneity in predator micro-habitat use and the maintenance of Mullerian mimetic diversity. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 281, 39-46.
PDF - 445.4 ko
  • D. McKey, M. Elias, B. Pujol, and A. Duputié. 2010. The evolutionary ecology of clonally propagated domesticated plants, New Phytologist, vol. 186, iss. 2, pp. 318-332, 2010.
PDF - 292.9 ko
  • K. Dasmahapatra, M. Elias, R. I. Hill, J. I. Hoffman, and J. Mallet, Mitochondrial DNA barcoding detects some species that are real, and some that are not. 2010. Molecular Ecology Resources, vol. 10, iss. 2, pp. 264-273.
PDF - 2.6 Mo
  • D. L. de-Silva, J. J. Day, M. Elias, K. Willmott, A. Whinnett, and J. Mallet, Molecular phylogenetics of the neotropical butterfly subtribe Oleriina (Nymphalidae : Danainae : Ithomiini). 2010. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol. 55, iss. 3, pp. 1032-1041.
PDF - 987.6 ko
  • M. Elias, M. Joron, K. Willmott, K. L. Silva-Brandao, V. Kaiser, C. F. Arias, G. L. M. Pinerez, S. Uribe, A. V. Z. Brower, A. V. L. Freitas, and C. D. Jiggins. 2009. Out of the Andes : patterns of diversification in clearwing butterflies. 2009. Molecular Ecology, vol. 18, iss. 8, pp. 1716-1729
PDF - 296.2 ko
  • M. Elias, Z. Gompert, K. Willmott, and C. D. Jiggins, Phylogenetic community ecology needs to take positive interactions into account : Insights from colourful butterflies. 2009. Communicative and Integrative Biology, vol. 2, pp. 1-4.
PDF - 323.9 ko
  • M. Elias, Z. Gompert, C. Jiggins, and K. Willmott, Mutualistic interactions drive ecological niche convergence in a diverse butterfly community. 2008. PLoS Biology, vol. 6, iss. 12, pp. 2642-9.
PDF - 226.7 ko
  • M. Elias, R. I. Hill, K. R. Willmott, K. K. Dasmahapatra, A. V. Z. Brower, J. Mallet, and C. D. Jiggins. 2007. Limited performance of DNA barcoding in a diverse community of tropical butterflies. 2007. Proceedings. Biological Sciences / The Royal Society, vol. 274, iss. 1627, pp. 2881-2889.
PDF - 4.5 Mo
  • Elias M, Joron M, Willmott K, Kaiser V, Silva-Brandao KL, Freitas AVL, Mejia CA, Pineres LMG, Brower AVZ & C. Jiggins. 2007. Phylogenetic hypothesis, pattern of speciation and evolution of wing pattern in neotropical Napeogenes butterflies (Lepidoptera : Nymphalidae). Journal of Insect Science 7, 13-14.
PDF - 343.8 ko
  • B. Pujol, F. Renoux, M. Elias, L. Rival, and D. Mckey. 2007. The unappreciated ecology of landrace populations : Conservation consequences of soil seed banks in Cassava, Biological Conservation, vol. 136, iss. 4, pp. 541-551.
PDF - 468.8 ko
  • G. Debout, B. Schatz, M. Elias, and D. Mckey, Polydomy in ants : what we know, what we think we know, and what remains to be done. 2007. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, vol. 90, iss. 2, pp. 319-348.
PDF - 349.4 ko
  • M. Elias, H. Lenoir, and D. McKey, Propagule quantity and quality in traditional Makushi farming of cassava (Manihot esculenta) : a case study for understanding domestication and evolution of vegetatively propagated crops. 2007. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, vol. 54, iss. 1, pp. 99-115.
PDF - 283.4 ko
  • M. Elias, R. Rosengren, and L. Sundström, Seasonal polydomy and unicoloniality in a polygynous population of the red wood ant Formica truncorum. 2005. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, vol. 57, iss. 4, pp. 339-349.
PDF - 95.7 ko
  • M. Elias, G. S. Mühlen, D. McKey, A. C. Roa, and J. Tohme. 2004. Genetic diversity of traditional South American landraces of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) : An analysis using microsatellites, Economic Botany, vol. 58, iss. 2, pp. 242-256.
PDF - 404.3 ko
  • L. Emperaire, G. S. Mühlen, M. Fleury, T. Robert, M. D. Key, B. Pujol, and M. Elias. 2003. Approche comparative de la diversité génétique et de la diversité morphologique des maniocs en Amazonie (Brésil et Guyanes), Les Actes du BRG, vol. 4, pp. 247-267.
PDF - 113.4 ko
  • B. Pujol, G. Gigot, G. Laurent, M. Pinheiro-Kluppel, M. Elias, M. Hossaert-McKey, and D. McKey. 2002. Germination ecology of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz, Euphorbiaceae) in traditional agroecosystems : Seed and seedling biology of a vegetatively propagated domesticated plant, Economic Botany, vol. 56, iss. 4, pp. 366-379.
PDF - 1.5 Mo
  • D. McKey, L. Emperiaire, M. Elias, F. Pinton, T. Robert, S. Desmouliere, and L. Rival. 2001. Gestions locales et dynamiques régionales de la diversité variétale du manioc en Amazonie, Genetics Selection Evolution, vol. 33, pp. 465-490.
PDF - 95 ko
  • M. Elias, D. McKey, O. Panaud, M. C. Anstett, and T. Robert. 2001. Traditional management of cassava morphological and genetic diversity by the Makushi Amerindians (Guyana, South America) : perspectives for on-farm conservation of crop genetic resources, Euphytica, vol. 120, iss. 1, pp. 143-157.
PDF - 406 ko
  • M. Elias, L. Penet, P. Vindry, D. McKey, O. Panaud, and T. Robert. 2001. Unmanaged sexual reproduction and the dynamics of genetic diversity of a vegetatively propagated crop plant, cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz), in a traditional farming system, Molecular Ecology, vol. 10, iss. 8, p. 1895-907.
PDF - 1.7 Mo
  • M. Elias, L. Rival, and D. Mckey. 2000. Perception and management of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) diversity among Makushi Amerindians of Guyana (South America), Journal of Ethnobiology, vol. 20, iss. 2, pp. 239-265.
PDF - 554 ko
  • M. Elias, O. Panaud, and T. Robert. 2000. Assessment of genetic variability in a traditional cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) farming system, using AFLP markers, Heredity, vol. 85 Pt 3, pp. 219-30.
PDF - 1.5 Mo
  • M. Elias and D. McKey. 2000. The unmanaged reproductive ecology of domesticated plants in traditional agroecosystems : An example involving cassava and a call for data, Acta Oecologica, vol. 21, pp. 223-230.

Books and book chapters

PDF - 887.6 ko
  • Chazot N, Willmott KR, Freitas AVL, de Silva DL, Pellens R & M Elias. (2016) Patterns of species, phylogenetic and mimicry diversity of clearwing butterflies in the Neotropics. In : Pellens R & P Grandcolas eds. Biodiversity Conservation and Phylogenetic Systematics. Springer. pp 333-354
  • Alvardo S, Baraloto C, Bremond L, Bretagnolle F, Buisson E, Caillon S, Claudet J, Dounias E, Elias M, Favier C, Fontaine C, Garine-Wichatitsky E, Mavingui P, McKey D, Morlon M, Murienne J & F Prugnolle. 2015. Ecologie Tropicale. De l’ombre à la lumière. Forget PM, Hossaert-McKey M & O Poncy (eds). Le Cherche Midi.
PDF - 18.6 Mo
  • Allenbach M et al. 2014. Prospective écologie tropicale. Forget P-M. (Ed). Les cahiers prospectives. CNRS-INEE. Juillet 2014. Pp. 106
PDF - 3.3 Mo
  • McKey DB, Elias M, Pujol B & A Duputié. 2012. Ecological approaches to crop domestication. In : Gepts P, Famula TR, Bettinger RL, Brush SB, Damania AB, McGuire PE & CO Qualset eds. Biodiversity in Agriculture : Domestication, Evolution and Sustainability. Cambridge, UK : Cambridge University Press, pp 377−406
  • Alain K, Alizon S, Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y, Bary M, Blanchet M, Bonenfant C, Demeulenaere E, Devictor V, Elias M, Eloy L, Fleury C, Jenouvrier S, Langlais A, Maris V, Mathevet R, Meinard Y, Not F, Prévot-Julliard A-C, Puijalon S, Pujol B, Rodrigues A, Schmeller D & C Smadja. 2010. BiodiversitéS, Nouveaux Regards sur le Vivant. Le Cherche Midi.
PDF - 321.6 ko
  • Ellen RF, Carrière S, Dounias E, Elias M, Henfrey T, Klappa S, Kortendick O, Kocher-Schmid C, Rival L & F Tzerikiantz. 2001. Local environmental knowledge. In S. Bahuchet Ed., Les peuples des forêts tropicales aujourd’hui. Volume II- Une approche thématique, Bruxelles : Avenir des Peuples des Forêts Tropicales, CE DGVIII, 189-202.
PDF - 386.6 ko
  • Garine I de, Angoué C, Bahuchet S, Bernard O, Bonnemère P, Bouly de Lesdain S, Braem F, Brunois F, Cogels S, Dimomfu L, Dounias E, Elias M, Ellen RF, Froment A, Gami N,Greindl D, Grenand F, Ioveva K, Joiris DV, Kocher-Schmid K, Koppert G, Leclerc C, Lemonnier P, de Maret P, Pagezy H, Romainville M, Solly H, Trefon T, Tzerikiantz F, Vermeulen C & A Walter. 2001. Se nourrir en forêt. In Bahuchet S (Ed.) Les peuples des forêts tropicales aujourd’hui. Volume II- Une approche thématique, Bruxelles : Avenir des Peuples des Forêts Tropicales, CE DGVIII, pp. 159-178.
  • Elias M, 2000. Le manioc chez les Makushi : une richesse à valoriser. In Grenand P (ed) Les Peuples des Forêts Tropicales aujourd’hui, Volume IV, Région Caraïbes – Guyanes, Bélize, pp.201-222. Programme Avenir des Peuples des Forêts Tropicales, CE DGVIII. Bruxelles.
PDF - 1.2 Mo
  • McKey D, Di Giusto B, Pascal L, Elias M & E Dounias. 1998. Stratégies de croissance et de défense anti-herbivorie des ignames sauvages : leçons pour l’agronomie. In Berthaud J., Bricas N., Marchand J.-L. (Eds). L’igname : plante séculaire et culture d’avenir. Montpellier CIRAD, pp. 181-188.

Editorial activities

  • Lead guest editor for a special issue on Ecological Speciation for International Journal of Ecology (2012)

par Marianne Elias - publié le , mis à jour le